what is sustainable development class 8 long answer

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Thus, sustainable development recognizes that growth must be both inclusive and environmentally sound to reduce poverty and build shared prosperity for today’s population and to continue to meet the needs of future generations. Concepts like a person’s ecological footprint help people understand how their everyday actions relate to issues that seem beyond the reach of a single individual and explain sustainability. This indicates a somewhat double meaning, which not only provides a linguistic link between safety and sustainability, but also indicates two requisite parts for sustainable development. sustainable agriculture and forestry, sustainable production and consumption, good government, research and technology transfer, education and training, etc. The 1972 UN conference in Stockholm highlighted the concerns for preserving and enhancing the environment and its biodiversity to ensure human rights to a healthy and productive world. Early conceptions of this principle appeared in UNCLOS, particularly with respect to the sustainable yield in fisheries, and it can be seen as closely related to the principles of environmental conservation and precautionary action. Discussions of the idea and practices of sustainable development are centrally concerned with the future of the Earth and its inhabitants’ relationships, and policy challenges that are the long-standing traditional concerns of geographers. Modern bioenergy, as part of the bioeconomy, is expected to increase globally driven by several SDGs and to play an important role in the future sustainable energy supply, fostering sustainable energy for all and climate goals (Fritsche et al., 2018). The pursuit of sustainable development is now stated as a principal policy goal of organizations and institutions across all scales of public life and the field of academic and practical enquiry around sustainable development is a diverse and expanding one. Agenda 21 pointed out that different populations had ‘common but differentiated responsibilities’ for impacts on the environment. Resource extraction remains below the rate of resource generation.2. They could produce a … Finally, the main goal of the sustainable development theory is to improve the quality of human life. Sustainable definition: You use sustainable to describe the use of natural resources when this use is kept at a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Looking more closely into the term “sustainable”, it is defined as something that is “able to be upheld or defended” (New Oxford American Dictionary, 2005). Sustainable development is a development model that considers the environment when achieving balanced growth with efficiency and fairness. The two assessments are brought together to develop appropriate technologies and implementation strategies to balance needs and resources and enable knowledge exchange bridging the gap between science and society. The 30-year journey of four World Summits from Stockholm to Nairobi to Rio and to Johannesburg has put the world on notice that achieving sustainable development in the twenty-first century is not an option but an imperative. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all". Sustainable development is a concept defined as the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs by the World Commission on Environment and Development (the Brundtland Commission). resources. The first use of the term ‘sustainable development’ is acknowledged to have been within the World Conservation Strategy of 1980 that was drawn up by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Education comprises a lifelong learning system to cope with the changing needs and aspirations of society. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080454054006339, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080449104001243, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128119891000026, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124095489109868, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128130568000108, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128199114000011, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444627094000051, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012374473900415X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444627094000014, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080994246000302, International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Iyyanki V. Muralikrishna, Valli Manickam, in, In 2012, the United Nations Conference on, Massimo Gigliotti, ... Simone Bastianoni, in, Nicolae Scarlat, Jean-Francois Dallemand, in, An overview of sustainable marine resource utilization, Sustainable Marine Resource Utilization in China, Conceptual Frames for Risk, Resilience and Sustainable Development, Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences (Second Edition). Consumption per se is not something to be avoided since it is one important aspect of improving human well-being. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future.At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. It was articulated most clearly in the Rio Declaration, and it appears (referred to as sustainable use) in the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity. Generation of waste remains within the absorption capacity of the environment. Q.1 _____________development meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of the future generation. Ocean waves can be used to generate wave power, a renewable energy.Ocean water is important for salt production, desalination, and providing habitat for deep water fishes.There are biodiversity of marine species in the sea where nutrient cycles are common. Regardless of whether they are sudden and dramatic, or gradual and obscure, negative events and their underlying processes may cause deviations from our preferred expected development scenario (Figure 5.7), limiting the sustainability of our development. The EU has taken the initiative to build a sustainable low-carbon and low-input economy, to increase resource efficiency, to decrease energy consumption, to reverse the loss of biodiversity and natural resources, and to limit climate change. Iyyanki V. Muralikrishna, Valli Manickam, in Environmental Management, 2017. It is a term that we come across in arenas ranging from door-step recycling initiatives to media explanations of global security issues. Sustainable Development And Sustainable Development 1045 Words | 5 Pages. Though, safety often connotes immediate or short time spans, while sustainability normally connotes gazing further into the future. Sustainable development is a societal rather than an environmental challenge. The process of describing indicators helps diverse members of a community reach consensus on what sustainability means. The sustainable development of marine resources refers to the mutual promotion of economy, ecology, and society to achieve sustainable development. The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. For others, it is the contestations over the direction of social and economic development into the future (the discord of modern politics) that are the substance of sustainable development and as such, the utility of the idea lies precisely in the debate and compromise that it challenges researchers and practitioners to engage in. Regardless of how closely related these two parts are, this book will focus mainly on the notion of sustainability in the sense of protecting what human beings value, now and in the future, and not to the same extent on the notion of sustainability in the sense of management of our vital resources. While there was little formal interaction between these two meetings, the world’s civil societies succeeded in having their voices noticed. Indeed, some consider that there is none so relevant a discipline as geography to contribute to the sustainable development debates given its ability to marry the science of the environment with an understanding of economic, political, and cultural change, that is, development. The ocean is an example of a natural resource. They balance the economic, social and ecological dimensions of sustainable development, and place the fight against poverty and sustainable development on the same agenda for the first time. Your email address will not be published. Also, find answers on the distribution of resources on the Earth, and how balancing the utilisation of resources leads to sustainable development. It increases the demand for environmental resources, but their supply is limited. WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT? ANS: It is a situation of the gradual but consistent rise in atmospheric temperature. This has not come to pass. It is important to note that any events or processes resulting in more positive development of the defined set of variables, than initially preferred and expected, would automatically lead to the preferred expected scenario being updated from there, and not be considered a deviation. Sustainable development has become a fundamental, overarching objective of EU policies especially since 1997. In 2012, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development met to discuss and develop a set of goals to work toward; they grew out of the Millennium Development Goals that claimed success in reducing global poverty while acknowledging there was still much more to do. In turn, development studies (and development geography) is considered to have moved beyond its impasse to be characterized by lively debate within which environmental, social, and economic sustainability are a central concern. For example, industrial growth might conflict with preserving natural resources. Learn about the types of resources such as potential resources, actual resources, ubiquitous resources and localised resources. The supply and demand market is consumerist in nature, and modern life requires a lot of resources every single day; economic development is about giving people what they want without compromising quality of life, especially in the developing world. Environmental protection is the third pillar and, to many, the primary concern of the future of humanity. It is an issue of paramount importance for the continued existence of the world, as we know it. 2.1)—carry across all sectors of development, from cities facing rapid urbanization to agriculture, infrastructure, energy development and use, water availability, and transportation. Technological development should be input effective and not input utilizing, The rate of consumption should not surpass the rate of salvation. Farmers and workers suffer health problems due to increased use of poisonous insecticides, pesticides, and chemical fertilizers. Hence, sustainable development is the development that can be maintained over time and be safeguarded from the impact of negative events and their underlying processes. It is what sustainable development is all about. ANS: It refers to a decline in the quality of soil, water or vegetation conditions. Environmental crisis refers to a situation when an environment fails to perform its vital function of life sustenance. In other words, sustainable development emphasizes that human society should reduce the gap of wealth and unemployment rate by controlling population growth rate and by improving and regulating social distribution to ultimately establish a geo-social environment, in which people can live and work in peace and contentment and have a high quality of life. That will surely be a process towards unsustainable development. Indicators are the backbone for monitoring progress towards the SDGs at local, national, regional, and global levels. However, the 1980s are also understood to have been an era of ‘impasse’ within both the theory and practice of development. It emphasized three fundamental components to sustainable development: environmental protection, economic growth, and social equity. However, most of these agreements were negotiated individually and treated as ‘separate entities’, with many lacking systemic integration within the social, economic, and environmental framework of sustainable development. Human beings have the ability to design their future by structuring these uncertain scenarios and use them as mental tools to anticipate consequences of different courses of action and then select activities that appear to lead to our desired state or goal (Renn, 2008: 1; Simon, 1990: 11). It adversely affects the environment and causes other problems. It also concerns how technology will drive our greener future; and that developing technology is key to this sustainability and protecting the environment of the future from potential damage that technological advances could potentially bring. ANS: Ozone depletion refers to the destruction of the ozone layer due to the presence of chlorine and bromine from man-made CFC (Chlorofluorocarbon) and other gases. The first principle of the Rio Declaration states “human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development.” The declaration also highlighted the ‘polluter-pays-principle’ and the ‘precautionary principle’, as important considerations for the protection and conservation of nature. To realise a transition to future energy, visionary political leadership is needed as well as the will to implement transformative pathways. The 1982 Nairobi Summit reviewed the progress in the decade since the Stockholm Conference and called upon national governments to intensify efforts to protect the environment and stressed the need for international cooperation. Social development is about awareness of and legislation protection of the health of people from pollution and other harmful activities of business. It is often the lack of political will and leadership imposed by various lobbyists that prevent society from setting ambitious targets and delivering on those targets. In the globalized era of the early years of the twenty-first century, environmentalism is considered to be thriving, particularly as it has adapted to changing scientific evidence and has been informed by the ideas of related social movements such as ecofeminism. Those individuals whose behaviour needs to change, need to be involved in the process of developing solutions to make their change easier and less threatening. y Sustainable development will need to be inclusive and take special care of the needs Potential deviation from the preferred expected scenario. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the global community for the next 15 years include ESD. Figure 30.1. At a parallel Global Forum, nongovernmental organizations from around the world also discussed and deliberated strategies for sustainable development. People represent the socio-cultural issues, Planet represents the environmental issues and Profit represents the economic issues [6]. This goal includes three targets and indicators for 2030: (1) ensuring universal access to modern energy services; (2) doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix; and (3) doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency. Sustainable development Is “Development that meets the needs of current generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs and aspirations” (WCED 1987, 43) This is an important issue at the moment because of the past generations development without using sustainable … on the planet. The nations of the world at the Earth Summit failed to mobilize the financial resources for the implementation of Agenda 21, and the WSSD in Johannesburg failed to turn agenda into actions. The main part of sustainability must in other words be forward-looking, although we must also learn from our past and recognize our present challenges. In this case, integrity refers to achieving the developmental goals by considering both local and overall interests. Other important accomplishments included the Rio Declaration, a statement of broad principles to guide national conduct on environmental protection and development, and adoption of treaties on climate change and biodiversity, and forest management principles. It is, as presented in Chapter 3, generally conceived as resting on three pillars: economic development, social development and environmental protection. In the 135-year life of Nestlé… United Nations - This September, countries will gather at the UN to adopt 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development. Within human geography, it informs research extending from social exclusion within cities of the United Kingdom to outcomes of environmental transformations in rural Africa. Alan Owen, Joanneke Kruijsen, in Future Energy (Second Edition), 2014. Environmental protection is the need to protect the environment, whether the concept of 4 Rs (reduce, recycle, recover, and reuse) are being achieved or not. If focusing on the potential of future destructive courses of events, at least partly resulting from or related to human activity, we typically assert that such activity or development is not sustainable. Sustainable development is defined as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” The concept of needs goes beyond simply material needs and includes values, relationships, freedom to think, act, and participate, all amounting to sustainable living, morally, and spiritually. For instance, our dependency of fossil fuels for energy has allowed for great developmental leaps of many societies since the industrial revolution, but is at the same time the main cause of climate change and ocean acidification that are now threatening the sole existence of all societies. Pillars of sustainable development. Goals and targets are interdependent and must be pursued together as far as possible. Sustainable development has been defined in many ways, but the most frequently quoted definition is from Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report: "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." In the process of development, we should fully consider the scarcity and nonrenewability of resources; ensure rational development, utilization, and conservation of resources; improve the cleaner production and environmental self-protection capacities; and improve the utilization rate of environmental resources, to establish a stable ecosystem and realize the development goals. We argue that for a sustainable development, population needs can only develop within the limits of available resources. However, the tensions between Western Governments and the Soviet Union marred progress and commitment toward a Nairobi action plan. This report highlighted that equity, growth, and environmental maintenance are simultaneously possible and that each country is capable of achieving its full economic potential while at the same time enhancing its resource base. The lack of progress in turning Agenda 21 into actions for sustainable development leads to the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit on sustainable development. The scientific and technological capacity is essential and educational and research institutions around the world have a fundamental responsibility to contribute to this. All these issues are interrelated; one cannot be solved without tackling the others. But are they achievable? Get help with your agriculture homework! Sustainability is usually understood as a form of intergenerational ethics that accommodates the economic, social, and environmental needs of current and future generations. Focusing on people – their rights, capabilities, and opportunities – has multiple benefits for individuals, society, and their relationship with the environment. History . Johannesburg put the thrust on public–private partnerships for sustainable development through an endorsement of some 500 such partnerships but most of these agreements failed to be implemented. It is generally acknowledged that the report of the World Commission on Environment and Development (also known as the Brundtland Commission) published in 1987 did much to bring the term ‘sustainable development’ into the popular consciousness and onto public agendas. Development is a process that creates growth, progress, positive change or the addition of physical, economic, environmental, social and demographic components.  The purpose of development is a rise in the level and quality of life of the population, and … Sustainability, the long-term viability of a community, set of social institutions, or societal practice. Both assessments will follow the four ‘P’s to structure the line of enquiry. Target 4.7 of SDG 4 on education addresses ESD and related approaches such as Global Citizenship Education. It defines how to protect ecosystems, air quality, integrity, and sustainability of our resources and focuses on the elements that place stress on the environment. Figure 30.1 also indicates the main aspects of sustainable practice, that is equal access for all people to sufficient energy, water and food. View answers to several hundred agriculture questions, all of which are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Rise in economic growth results in affluent consumption and production of goods and services. Each goal has several targets that better define its aims. Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere, Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture, Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all, Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls, Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all, Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all, Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all, Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation, Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries, Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable, Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns, Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts, Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development, Goal 15: Protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss, Goal 16: Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law, effective and capable institutions, Goal 17: Strengthen means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development, Malin Song, ... Xianyou Pan, in Sustainable Marine Resource Utilization in China, 2020. What is sustainable development? The new SDGs include a specific goal on energy to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all. This review details a number of frameworks that have been forwarded for handling the diversity and dynamism associated with the notion and points to the principal ongoing divisions within the field of enquiry. While developing the strategies, an interactive network approach is followed. Scientists can inform society on what needs to change, but society tends to be reluctant to change. SDG 3 “Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages” The goals within a goal: Health targets for SDG 3. Introduction. Whilst it can be considered that discourses remain dominated by environmental sustainability concerns, the work of geographers is proving important in placing human needs and rights more centrally into these agendas. Sustainable development definition: economic development that is capable of being maintained at a steady level without... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The Oxford Dictionary defines the word sustainable as “able to be upheld or defended” (New Oxford American Dictionary, 2011). Sustainable development is both conceptually and practically a broad and multifaceted issue (Kates et al., 2001; WCED, 1987). The technological knowledge, materials and know-how are available to build appropriate engineering systems to enable sustainable development, e.g. UNITED NATIONS TRANSFORMING OUR WORLD: THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT sustainabledevelopment.un.org A/RES/70/1 To promote the kind of development that minimizes environmental problems. Sustainable Development At Nestlé, we define sustainable development asthe process of increasing the world’s access to higher quality food, while contributing to long term social and economic development, and preserving the environment for future generations. Nicolae Scarlat, Jean-Francois Dallemand, in The Role of Bioenergy in the Bioeconomy, 2019. Also Check: Important Questions for Environment and Sustainable Development. In Rio, the thinking was dominated by the goal of converging trends in different parts of the world. Sustainable development can be defined as an approach to the economic development of a country without compromising the quality of the environment for future generations. Shah, in Encyclopedia of Ecology, 2008. All types of pollution should be minimized. This damage may surpass the advantages of having more quality output of goods and service. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030. Sustainable energy is a key enabler for sustainable development. This weekend in New York, the United Nations will agree a new roadmap for humanity’s development.The fact that a consensus on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has been agreed in the first place is in itself impressive; that they are so long on ambition and comprehensiveness is even more so. Slide 8: Gives a definition of sustainable development. Elliott, in International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 2009. The three pillars of sustainable development–economic growth, environmental stewardship, and social inclusion (Fig. The high rate of growth of population adversely affects the environment. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with their 169 targets, form the core of the 2030 Agenda. Q.2 Which of the following is the feature of Sustainable Development? The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) eventually came up with a list of 17 items (8) that included amongst other things: better standards of education and healthcare, particularly as it pertains to water quality and better sanitation, sustainable economic growth while promoting jobs and stronger economies, sustainability to include health of the land, air, and sea. Equally important is the recognition that the relationships between well-being, levels of consumption, and environmental impacts depend on the value systems, the effectiveness of institutions, including forms of governance, as well as science, technology, and knowledge. Figure 30.1 shows how sustainable practice hangs in the balance of the world as. 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