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9.10 Explaining Assessment Results The Ethics Code is not intended to be a basis of civil liability. This clarification includes the role of the psychologist (e.g., therapist, consultant, diagnostician, or expert witness), an identification of who is the client, the probable uses of the services provided or the information obtained, and the fact that there may be limits to confidentiality. (b) For persons who are legally incapable of giving informed consent, psychologists nevertheless (1) provide an appropriate explanation, (2) seek the individual's assent, (3) consider such persons' preferences and best interests, and (4) obtain appropriate permission from a legally authorized person, if such substitute consent is permitted or required by law. Intetionally action that cause harm. 2010 amendments to the 2002 “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct.” American Psychologist, 65, 493. The APA is credited as the author of … APS members are required to abide by General Principles of the Code of Ethics, and the complementary Ethical Guidelines. It has as its goals the welfare and protection of the individuals and groups with whom psychologists work and the education of members, students, and the public regarding ethical standards of the discipline. The Board of Examiners of Psychologists incorporates by reference and maintains that Psychologists shall follow the APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct as adopted by the American Psychological Association's Council of Representatives during its meeting, August 21, 2002, and made effective beginning June 1, 2003. Professional Psychology, 11, 276-282. The fact that a given conduct is not specifically addressed by an Ethical Standard does not mean that it is necessarily either ethical or unethical. 1.04 Informal Resolution of Ethical Violations Sometimes it can be challenging to avoid some ethical issues and that is protocol should be in place to mitigate violations as much as possible. (b) If scientific or humane values justify delaying or withholding this information, psychologists take reasonable measures to reduce the risk of harm. There are five general principles that serve as the ideals to which psychologists should aspire within the profession. Psychologists exercise reasonable judgment and take precautions to ensure that their potential biases, the boundaries of their competence, and the limitations of their expertise do not lead to or condone unjust practices. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. ), 9.07 Assessment by Unqualified Persons (a) Psychologists refrain from initiating an activity when they know or should know that there is a substantial likelihood that their personal problems will prevent them from performing their work-related activities in a competent manner. American Psychological Association. (f) When assuming forensic roles, psychologists are or become reasonably familiar with the judicial or administrative rules governing their roles. This is done in order to obtain aninformed consent. APA ethical principles that are directly related to the administration, scoring, and interpretation of psychological tests are found in adherence to truthfulness in reporting and assessing. ), 3.09 Cooperation with Other Professionals The term test materials refers to manuals, instruments, protocols, and test questions or stimuli and does not include test data as defined in Standard 9.04, Release of Test Data. Protection From Harm. (c) Psychologists using the services of an interpreter obtain informed consent from the client/patient to use that interpreter, ensure that confidentiality of test results and test security are maintained, and include in their recommendations, reports, and diagnostic or evaluative statements, including forensic testimony, discussion of any limitations on the data obtained. The ethical issues in psychology will help discover the various areas in the field that should be tread upon with sensitivity. When such validity or reliability has not been established, psychologists describe the strengths and limitations of test results and interpretation. ), 1.05 Reporting Ethical Violations (a) When psychologists agree to provide services to several persons who have a relationship (such as spouses, significant others, or parents and children), they take reasonable steps to clarify at the outset (1) which of the individuals are clients/patients and (2) the relationship the psychologist will have with each person. Psychologists who engage in such activity after the two years following cessation or termination of therapy and of having no sexual contact with the former client/patient bear the burden of demonstrating that there has been no exploitation, in light of all relevant factors, including (1) the amount of time that has passed since therapy terminated; (2) the nature, duration, and intensity of the therapy; (3) the circumstances of termination; (4) the client's/patient's personal history; (5) the client's/patient's current mental status; (6) the likelihood of adverse impact on the client/patient; and (7) any statements or actions made by the therapist during the course of therapy suggesting or inviting the possibility of a posttermination sexual or romantic relationship with the client/patient. (See also Standards 2.01e, Boundaries of Competence, and 3.10, Informed Consent.). The following are the five general ethical principles of psychology: Beneficence and Nonmaleficence: The very first ethical principle of psychology demonstrates that the psychologists should safeguard the welfare and rights of their patients or the individuals on which they conduct research. johanna_torres2. If any deception is involved in the experiment, each participant must be fully debriefed upon the conclusion … The need for a standardized monitoring of professional conduct is quintessential to the very existence of that profession. (b) If a psychologist finds that, due to unforeseen factors, a potentially harmful multiple relationship has arisen, the psychologist takes reasonable steps to resolve it with due regard for the best interests of the affected person and maximal compliance with the Ethics Code. (a) Psychologists provide a prompt opportunity for participants to obtain appropriate information about the nature, results, and conclusions of the research, and they take reasonable steps to correct any misconceptions that participants may have of which the psychologists are aware. These basic principles are to be followed uniformly no matter the profession is clinical psychology, case study, social or behavioural psychology. (b) If psychologists will be precluded by law or by organizational roles from providing such information to particular individuals or groups, they so inform those individuals or groups at the outset of the service. The Code became effective on June 1, 2003. Copyright ©2012-20 Anaya Learning PTE LTD. All Rights Reserved. More From Reference. Justice: This principle state that there should be complete justice and fairness as it is fundamental right of every person so that he may access and benefit from the psychological contribution and to the equality in the research conducted by the psychologists. (c) Psychologists planning to provide services, teach, or conduct research involving populations, areas, techniques, or technologies new to them undertake relevant education, training, supervised experience, consultation, or study. Most of the Ethical Standards are written broadly, in order to apply to psychologists in varied roles, although the application of an Ethical Standard may vary depending on the context. 10.04 Providing Therapy to Those Served by Others STUDY. Analyze the implications of the situation and recommend a course of action for your colleague. When psychologists provide services to several persons in a group setting, they describe at the outset the roles and responsibilities of all parties and the limits of confidentiality. (c) When psychologists conduct a record review or provide consultation or supervision and an individual examination is not warranted or necessary for the opinion, psychologists explain this and the sources of information on which they based their conclusions and recommendations. 8.01 Institutional Approval Psychologists do not require students or supervisees to disclose personal information in course- or program-related activities, either orally or in writing, regarding sexual history, history of abuse and neglect, psychological treatment, and relationships with parents, peers, and spouses or significant others except if (1) the program or training facility has clearly identified this requirement in its admissions and program materials or (2) the information is necessary to evaluate or obtain assistance for students whose personal problems could reasonably be judged to be preventing them from performing their training- or professionally related activities in a competent manner or posing a threat to the students or others. 1.02 Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority ), 8.03 Informed Consent for Recording Voices and Images in Research (a) The term test data refers to raw and scaled scores, client/patient responses to test questions or stimuli, and psychologists' notes and recordings concerning client/patient statements and behavior during an examination. They are concerned about the ethical compliance of their colleagues' scientific and professional conduct. Respect for People’s Right and Dignity: This fifth principle is a set combination of all the above four stated principle so that an individual’s confidentiality and privacy can be protected. Effective date June 1, 2003 with amendments effective June 1, 2010 and January 1, 2017. 3.03 Other Harassment American Psychological Association. (b) Psychologists use assessment instruments whose validity and reliability have been established for use with members of the population tested. Ethical discrimination ability of intern psychologists: A function of training in ethics. Ethical Principles in Psychology Chapter Exam Instructions. 9.01 Bases for Assessments In Pope’s (1992) study, nearly 700 of American Psychological Society members reported incidents that they found ethically challenging or troubling. American Psychologist, 45, 390-395. 5.04 Media Presentations Psychologists strive to contribute a portion of their professional time for little or no compensation or personal advantage. Psychologists do not publish, as original data, data that have been previously published. American Psychological Association. "Looking for a Similar Assignment? 7.07 Sexual Relationships with Students and Supervisees … (c) When the therapist is a trainee and the legal responsibility for the treatment provided resides with the supervisor, the client/patient, as part of the informed consent procedure, is informed that the therapist is in training and is being supervised and is given the name of the supervisor. Of some special safeguard for the psychologists concerning human behavior Interpreting assessment results )... Based upon established scientific and professional practice Day 3 application of the ethical issues of Informed consent. ) and... 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